Bukovina (Bukowina) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. It was the easternmost crown land of the Austrian empire from 1775 to 1918. Bukovina became part of Romania after World War I. The region north of the Siret River was occupied by Soviet forces in 1940 and is now under Ukrainian administration. Southern Bukovina remains within Romanian jurisdiction. It is called Bukowina or Buchenland in German, Bukowina in Polish, Bucovina in Romanian, and Bukovyna in Ukrainian. It is currently split between Romania and Ukraine.
The name Bukovina came into official use in 1775 with the region’s annexation from the Principality of Moldavia to the possessions of the Habsburg Monarchy, which became Austrian Empire in 1804, and Austria-Hungary in 1867. Its population grew rapidly as people of various ethnic backgrounds were attracted to the Austrian Empire by its relative religious tolerance and relaxed feudal obligations.
Nowadays in Ukraine the name is unofficial, but is common when referring to the Chernivtsi Oblast as over 2/3 of the oblast is the northern part of Bukovina. In Romania the term Northern Bucovina is sometimes synonymous to the entire Chernivtsi Oblast of Ukraine, and (Southern) Bucovina to Suceava County of Romania.